Despite being miles apart, trading links with Romania are getting ever stronger.
Exports to Romania increased by 17.5% from 2014 to 2015. However, the distance between these two trading partners brings its own challenges.
Romania is one of the fastest-growing economies in Europe and is looking to consolidate its economic growth as a market economy since joining the EU in 2007. Trade with the UK is a key part of that process, but parcel delivery to Romania from the UK can be expensive and challenging.
In many respects, the UK and Romania could be described as polar opposite. The two countries are separated by about 2,000KM, or 1,250 miles, the vast majority of which is land across more than ten other countries.
One has a stable political history of hundreds of years while the other is a newly established democracy; one is an island nation built with a reliance on international trade and the other is looking to build and develop its overseas partners.
Yet it is these differences that complement each other so well and create a growing interdependency between the two nations.
Situated in the south eastern part of Central Europe, Romania shares borders with Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria, Ukraine and Moldovia. It has just 225 KM of coastline, on the Black Sea. See Romaniatourism.com to learn more about the country.
For many centuries Romania’s economy was based on agriculture. In the early 20th century, the country was one of the main European producers of wheat, corn and meat, leading to the epithet “the bread basket of Europe.”
Romania’s post-war history as a communist-bloc nation, particularly under the leadership of Nicolae Ceausescu, is widely known. He was overthrown in 1989 following a national uprising and the 1991 Constitution re-established Romania as a republic with a multiparty system and individual human rights of free speech, religion and private ownership.
From the 1970s there had been a shift towards heavy industries, but since the 90s, governments have focused on developing Romania into a market economy. This led to Romania joining NATO is 2004 and the European Union in 2007.
The country’s largest port is at Constanta on the Black Sea, with other river ports on the Danube. Sea freight between the UK and Romania might seem an unlikely and roundabout option, but can be the most cost-effective for larger shipments that are non-urgent.
The rail system appears outwardly chaotic, with a number of operators running different services in different regions. However, anybody encountering the UK system for the first time would undoubtedly take a similar view. Most regions operate an open freight system and the Romanian General Transport Master Plan unveiled in 2015 will seek to rationalise the rail networks.
A high volume of freight is transported by road, and this remains the method of choice for cost-effective transportation of small and medium sized cargoes.
Finally, Bucharest Henri Coandă airport serves as the main hub for air freight cargoes, with around a dozen regional airports scattered elsewhere around the country.
Exporting to Romania
Romania is and will continue to be a crucial trading partner for a growing number of UK exporters. Choosing the right freight service for your business is vital in order to save money and deliver to your customer on time.